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Modern flow chemistry methods offer new chemical space for drug discovery programs: It is especially true once extreme process conditions are applied in order to attain the desired, in most cases novel compounds. Check out our newest application note about Flash Vacuum Pyroliysis: Fast and Continous Transfer Hydrogenation of Aromatic Nitriles to Amines The reduction of nitriles is one of the most common route to synthesize primary amines, which are key intermediates in fine-chemical, pharmaceutical, and agricultural industries.
Both direct employing H2 gas and transfer hydrogenation TH can be used for this purpose. The latter is a rapidly growing field taking into account green chemistry and economic considerations, avoiding the handle of hazardous hydrogen gas. Ullmann-type reductive homo-coupling reaction at room temperature The implementation of sustainable and environmentally friendly protocole is an emerging field of the chemical industry.
The need for safe and reliable processes as the alternative of demanding, wasteful, toxic or hazardous methods is poiting towards a new What is ring closing metathesis in organic synthesis. To top In this application note we demonstrate the first application on flow hydrogenation for the development of a PET radiotracer in a fast, efficient, and reproducible way.
Safe and Fast Ozonolysis Using the IceCube Flow Reactor Ozonolysis is a fundamentally important oxidation reaction, which has never been fully adopted due to the safety concerns with performing the process.
Its main importance stems from the fact that you can selectively oxidize double or triple bonds to form hydroxyl groups, aldehydes, or carboxylic acids in the presence of other oxidizable groups.
Other conventional oxidative methods are not so selective, are slower to react, require addition of water or need purification to eliminate side products leading to lower yields or need the use of metal catalysts.
Compared to other methodologies, ozonolysis is considered as a greener way of oxidation. These intermediates may be isolated or the resulting isocyanate can be trapped by a variety of nucleophiles, including water, which hydrolyze the isocyanate to an amine; amines result in ureas or alcohols leading to carbamates.
The high temperature and pressure capabilities of the reactor radically shortened the effective reaction time. Ruthenium-catalyzed Metathesis Reaction Using Fixed-bed Continuous Flow Reactor Olefin metathesis is an excellent method for the preparation of new rings and valuable intermediates in organic synthesis and polymer chemistry.
Out of all the various catalysts that have been reported, the ruthenium type catalysts, have the widest application due to their easy handling and substrate variability.
The most undesirable feature of these complexes is that they decompose to form ruthenium byproducts, which are difficult to remove.
This flow system provides fast optimization of the reaction conditions flow rate, temperature, pressure, solvent, substrate concentration in a short period of time with only a few mg of substrate needed. One of these enzymes is the lipase which can catalyze hydrolysis and also the esterification of ester chemical bonds in lipid substrates.
The main reason for using these enzymes is that they provide enantiomerically pure products during a reaction, often with higher purity than what can be achieved by non-enzyme enantiomer catalysts. Enzymes can be utilized in kinetic resolution, based on the different activity of enantiomers in certain reactions.
In this application note we will be focusing on Sonogashira chemistry. Reductive Amination of Ketones: One of the most convenient methods to synthesize amines is the reductive amination of carbonyl compounds.
Nowadays, reductive transformations of ketones into amines are performed in the presence of catalysts.
However, high temperatures and long reaction times lead to the formation of undesired side products. The following paper outlines the optimised experimental protocol used on the X-CubeTM to perform Suzuki and Heck C-C coupling reactions in comparison with batch references.
Saturation of Functionalized Pyridines using the H-Cube Continuous Flow Reactor The saturation of aromatic ring systems is one of the hardest reactions in hydrogenation. Typical laboratory batch reactors are not capable of reaching these conditions and so either the reactions do not work or they take days.Ring-closing metathesis, or RCM, is a widely used variation of olefin metathesis in organic chemistry for the synthesis of various unsaturated rings via the intramolecular metathesis of two terminal alkenes, which forms the cycloalkene as the E-or Z-isomers and volatile ethylene.
Built to perform: A facile, one‐step hydrothermal method is used to synthesize a 3D, symmetric, flowerlike Sb 2 S 3 nanostructure (see figure) for application as a photoelectric material. The structure is composed of numerous nanoneedles, which provided a large void fraction and specific surface area, and has better electrocatalytic activity and .
Ring-closing metathesis is a variant of the olefin metathesis reaction in which alkylidene moieties are exchanged to form a ring.
The most common catalysts for this . Olefin metathesis is an organic reaction that entails the redistribution of fragments of alkenes Cross metathesis and ring-closing metathesis are driven by the entropically favored evolution of ethylene or propylene, which can be removed from the system because they are gases.
In addition to the metathesis of strained cyclic and exocyclic oleﬁns, the remarkable functional group tolerance (alcohols, aldehydes, carboxylic acids) and stability toward air, water.
代表论著： 1. Xiaojie Lu *, Sarah Roberts, George J. Frankline and Christopher P.
Davie, “On-DNA Pd and Cu promoted C-N Cross-Coupling Reactions”, MedChemComm, in press.. 2. Xiaojie Lu *, Lijun Fan*, Christopher B. Phelps, Christopher P. Davie, and Christine P. Donahue, “ Ruthenium Promoted On-DNA Ring-Closing Metathesis and Cross-Metathesis.