The life and work of galileo essay

Galileo was born during the Renaissance period, on February 15, in Pisa, Italy. He was a Italian scientist, astronomer, engineer, physicist, mathematician and philosopher. He is famous for many reasons; one of his biggest being the developments and improvements that he made to the telescope.

The life and work of galileo essay

Alice Dreger and making the evidence fit your thesis original post, So last week I found out that Alice Dreger's new book, Galileo's Middle Finger: Heretics, Activists, and the Search for Justice in Science, has recently been released. And while I don't know precisely what Dreger says or more pertinently, fails to say about that controversy in her new book, I am very familiar with her views on the matter, as I am one of the numerous scientists, academics, and knowledgeable parties who contributed peer commentaries to her book-length article on this very matter, which appeared in the sexology journal Archives of Sexual Behavior in As I say in the last paragraph of my peer commentary: As a scientist myselfI feel that it is important that we defend scientific freedom of expression.

But we must also recognize that with that freedom comes the responsibility not to abuse our positions as scientists.

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Unfortunately, there has been a long history of dubious research that has lent scientific credence to prejudiced beliefs that already exist in the culture: Often, such studies are embraced by the public despite their methodological flaws because they reaffirm and reinforce presumptions and biases that already dominate in the culture.

You can read my entire peer commentary, A Matter of Perspective: Also, intwo peer-reviewed review articles were published here and here detailing the overwhelming evidence demonstrating that Ray Blanchard's theory of autogynephilia the one Bailey's entire book is centered upon is scientifically invalid.

Despite the fact that those reviews were published five years ago, I suspect that Dreger did not bother to cite them at all in her book. I suppose this because, in my experience, Dreger is someone who prefers to make the evidence or the omission thereof fit her thesis.

And this concerns me as both a trans woman and a scientist. I appreciated and accepted the offer. Gagnon, Riki Lane, Robin M. For instance, this is how I put it in my peer commentary: Framing the issue this way dumbs down transsexual perspectives of gender.

In my experience, most trans people recognize that gender identity, sexual orientation, and gender expression all vary from one another and interact in different and sometimes confounding ways from person to person.

In fact, most trans critiques of autogynephilia center on the fact that this scientifically unsubstantiated theory forces all trans women into one of two rigid categories, nonconsensually defines us in ways that contradict our own personal sense of selves, mistakes correlation for causation, handwaves away nonpathological alternative models that better explain the data, unnecessarily sexualizes and delegitimizes our identities, and has the potential to jeopardize our access to sex reassignment and our social and legal status as women e.

Narratives can differ from person to person although some are no doubt more rooted in reality than others.

The movie has an important place in American history—and the history of LIF. Browse Subjects. Click on a Subject Area link below to view books in that area and sort by title, author, format, date published, or price. Click on a Library, Publishing Partner, or Series link below to view all titles in that collection in series order. My interest in Galileo was recently piqued by a seminar on data presentation by Edward Tufte (strongly recommended, also his books.) I was looking for an overview of Galileo's work and some context.

In contrast, autogynephilia is a scientific theory of transgender taxonomy and etiology, and as such, it can be either substantiated or disproven via scientific research.

So perhaps Dreger stopped caring about the theory, and did not bother updating her thesis during those interim years?

Continental Drift Theory:Building the Case

She only shares the opinions of Blanchard, Bailey, and Lawrence all die-hard proponents of the theoryand never once mentions any serious criticisms of the theory.

The truth is that most of us who are opposed to autogynephilia theory do so because 1 it is scientifically invalid, and 2 some people use this pseudoscience to invalidate us. When Dreger, today intalks about autogynephilia theory as though it is valid, with no serious consideration of the numerous lines of evidence that disprove it, then she peddling pseudoscience, plain and simple.

Bill 77 passed nevertheless. Such treatment is no longer considered ethical. So the largest and most long-standing trans health organization, and the transgender community at large, both think that gender conversion therapies are unethical. Those are the facts. So readers never learn about the real-life horror stories detailed in those three previous links.

The life and work of galileo essay

She tries to make the case that the bill will somehow shuttle young children into transgender identities, puberty-delaying hormone regimes, and eventual surgeries. But somehow Dreger morphs the bill into hypothetical horror stories about gender non-conforming children who might otherwise turn out to be happy non-trans gay people, instead becoming transgender people who ultimately physically transition.

There are so many things wrong with this passage.

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As a "well-adjusted trans woman," it is hard not to take offense to this sort of value judgment. On top of that, I think what is most important is that the child be well-adjusted period, and that is most likely to happen if the child is allowed to non-judgmentally explore who they are and ultimately make their own decisions about their eventual gender and sexual identities.

Which brings up an important question: What "side" is Dreger actually on here? Well, it's hard to read the aforementioned passage from her article without coming to the conclusion that she is pro-gender conversion therapies, at least in some cases i.

Here are the highlights: Dreger has a genderqueer friend named Jess, who was never subjected to gender conversion therapies, yet somehow managed to become the central figure in an article purportedly about gender conversion therapies.

In the most convoluted argument in an article chock-full of convoluted arguments, Dreger expresses concern about how the passage of Bill 77 might have hypothetically harmed transgender teenager Leelah Alcorn, who tragically committed suicide last year, in large part due to her parents' non-acceptance which included them sending her to gender conversion therapy.

Yes, I would imagine so. So what is the third no doubt superfluous reason why trans people feel that Dreger has let them down? Now that Dreger has completely let herself off the hook for failing to be an ally to trans people: You know, because she is an impeccable feminist on the basis that.Through Galileo’s continuous battle with the Church in prevailing his work, Brecht is telling the readers that in any one man’s attempt to propagate the truth, whether it be in terms of literature, discoveries or new technologies, there is always an opposing power to suppress this new found truth.

Browse Subjects. Click on a Subject Area link below to view books in that area and sort by title, author, format, date published, or price. Click on a Library, Publishing Partner, or Series link below to view all titles in that collection in series order.

Wegener and Continental Drift Theory. We are taught that modern scientists are driven only by reason and facts. It was only early scientists like Galileo who needed to fear the reaction to their radical views.

Galileo’s Early Life and Career. Galileo was born in Pisa, Italy. He was the oldest son of Vincenzo Galilei, a musician who made important contributions to the theory and practice of music.

Alice Dreger’s disingenuous campaign against transgender activism | Whipping Girl

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