Graveyard Flowers] by contemporary Pakistani writer, poet and columnist Mujtaba Haider Zaidi is the first absurd drama in the history of Urdu literature. Created in the pattern of ancient Greek tragedies, the drama contains only two characters, and carries both poetry and prose in it, and hence fulfills all the requirements necessary for a perfect Absurd drama. Cut off from his religious, metaphysical, and transcendental roots, man is lost; all his actions become senseless, absurd, useless".
Literary precursors[ edit ] Edward Lear, Aged 73 and a Half and His Cat Foss, Aged 16, an lithograph by Edward Lear Surreal humour is the effect of illogic and absurdity being used for humorous effect. Under such premises, people can identify precursors and early examples of surreal humour at least since the 19th century, such as Lewis Carroll 's Alice's Adventures in Wonderland and Through the Looking-Glasswhich both use illogic and absurdity hookah -smoking caterpillarscroquet matches using live flamingos as mallets, etc.
Many of Edward Lear 's children stories and poems contain nonsense and are basically surreal in approach. For example, The Story of the Four Little Children Who Went Round the World is filled with contradictory statements and odd images intended to provoke amusement, such as the following: After a time they saw some land at a distance; and when they came to it, they found it was an island made of water quite surrounded by earth.
Besides that, it was bordered by evanescent isthmuses with a great Gulf-stream running about all over it, so that it was perfectly beautiful, and contained only a single tree, feet high.
As a result, much of their art was intentionally amusing.
A famous example is Marcel Duchamp 's Fountainan inverted urinal signed "R. This became one of the most famous and influential pieces of art in history, and one of the earliest examples of the found object movement.
It is also a joke, relying on the inversion of the item's function as expressed by its title as well as its incongruous presence in an art exhibition. Etymology and development[ edit ] The word surreal first began to be used to describe a type of aesthetic of the early s.
In the United StatesS. Perelman has been identified as the first surrealist humour writer. Analysis[ edit ] Drs. Rodgers and Diana Pien analysed the subject in an essay titled "Elephants and Marshmallows" subtitled "A Theoretical Synthesis of Incongruity-Resolution and Arousal Theories of humour"and wrote that "jokes are nonsensical when they fail to completely resolve incongruities," and cited one of the many permutations of the elephant joke: Elliott Oring"because the situation is incompatible with the world as we know it.
Certainly, elephants do not sit in cups of hot chocolate.Absurdism definition is - a philosophy based on the belief that the universe is irrational and meaningless and that the search for order .
This inaugural meme file will be on, well I’m not really sure whether I can put a name to it.
It’s an amazing example of the recent rise in absurdism in our humor and expression. The picture’s been making the rounds on the interwebs recently, and it’s likely you’ve seen it — or at least some variation of it.
Abstract Expressionism and Absurdist Drama share traits of origins, for they both arose out of definite predecessors the Surrealists and the Existentialists and the artists and writers of each genre recognized the need to move into a completely new mode of style.
As the term suggests, the function of such theatre is to give dramatic expression to the philosophical notion of the ‘absurd’, a notion that had received widespread diffusion following the publication of Camus's essay Le Mythe de Sisyphe in The History and Importance of Absurdism Given the anti-religious tendencies of absurdism, it’s surprising to learn that it originated in the work of the Christian philosopher Søren Kierkegaard.
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|Keep Exploring Britannica||The postwar mood of disillusionment and skepticism was expressed by a number of foreign playwrights living in Paris. Although they did not consider themselves as belonging to a formal movement, they shared a belief that human life was essentially without meaning… The ideas that inform the plays also dictate their structure.|
Kierkegaard was a Christian, but he didn’t ignore the criticisms of religion that he heard around him. Surreal humour (also known as absurdist humour) is a form of humour predicated on deliberate violations of causal reasoning, producing events and behaviours that are obviously illogical.
Constructions of surreal humour tend to involve bizarre juxtapositions, non-sequiturs, irrational or absurd situations and expressions of nonsense.