Each teacher has his or her own teaching philosophy.
Methods, Techniques, of Teaching English Length: Re-situating the perspective from a Multilingual to a Bilingual context. The role of English in India has been controversial right from the time of its introduction and several historical parameters testify to this fact. Controversies do exist even today at the socio-cultural level regarding the relative acceptability of English and its most formidable regional rival, now the national language of India —Hindi.
Interestingly, language as a problem never emerged as a concern of the multitudes during a few thousand years old history of the country when by name, it stood for a combination of large princely states and small empires.
It is relevant to discuss here briefly the introduction of Western Education i. To be objective, the introduction of English Education had to steer ahead a quagmire of deep sociological repurcussions right from the beginning.
First of all, to think of the multilingual character of our country and her indigenous models of education, it led Sorry, but full essay samples are available only for registered users Choose a Membership Plan to the fragmentation of the traditional modes of Education in Tols, Madrashas and Maqtabs which experienced an incompatibility with the emerging challenges posed by the Western models of education.
The incompatibility between the two ideals of education led to a distinctive cultural amnesia in the colonised people. To be honest, traditional model of education in India is seen to be breaking up bit by bit, since the mid-eighteenth century owing to its failure to negotiate the new challenges.
The direct patronage of the Britishers began to establish, slowly and steadily, a new form of cultural elitism in colonial India. In accordance with the Charter of the British Government, the East India Company was directed to work towards the dissemination of English education.
It is also worth considering that following the Recommendations of Charles Shifting paradigms methods techniques of teaching, who was the Chairman of the Board Shifting paradigms methods techniques of teaching Control in England, the universities in Calcutta, Bombay and Madras were established.
Moreover the Government Circular in made the knowledge of English compulsory in government jobs. Taking cue from the historical perspective embryonic in the above quotation, one may take stock of the scenario of English Teaching in Free India that shows in course of several decades, a gradual paradigmatic shift from a multilingual to a bilingual encounter.
It is significant that the attitude of the British to other Indian languages including Hindi was not biased as their colonialistic acumen made them realise that in a multilingual country like India, the knowledge and promotion of native, regional languages would help them to rule the land.
However, Indians wanted English to continue even after the British have left the Indian shores and Hindi was declared as the national language. The subsequent story is well known. Eventually, the incorporation of the teaching of English language and literature in the Education policies of the country under colonial rule has opened up in course of several historical parameters, a new era where English language proves to offer a sesame to the entire world though at home, it continues to be a bone of contention at socio-political level of Indian life.
To be precise, post-Independence India notwithstanding her over all multilingual character, saw the arena of language teaching as a veritable welter of Hindi—English confrontation.
Hindi is the national language of the country. In the context of the wide currency of spoken Hindi all over the country, it is undeniable that the Bombay film industry and the Hindi T.
V serials in hundreds of cable-channels with their super, mega stars have contributed as a great fillip to it. These serials and movies reflect a cultural ethos with Hindi as a language deeply rooted to it. For the common people Hindi is the most favourite of all Indian languages which is easy to understand, brings people together and enables one to express all thoughts and feelings freely.
But in contrast to the 60 per cent of Hindi knowing people, only about a maximum of 5 per cent, as per the claim of Hindiwallahs, know English. According to them, some use it rather well, but the vast majority of people specially in Northern India and the Hindi belt of India, has a feeling of an [ir] reverential self-distancing from it chiefly because English is a language seldom used in the streets though a contrary picture is seen in South India.
The national policies of the Government regarding the status of English language in Free India seem to suffer from some sort of indecision or the other.
For example, Article 1 of the Constitution of India provided in that English as the official language of the Union would give place to Hindi by But inthe Southern and North-Eastern states of India in particular, witnessed violent riots over language issue that led to the amendment of the article allowing English to continue as another official language till all the states and Union territories opt for the assigned role of English language.
The first Education commission headed by Dr. Radhakrishnan adjudged the contribution of English to the national cause and yet it stressed the need of its replacement from the status of state language on the ground of its being the language of the coloniser and creating a sense of cultural divide among people.
Subsequent Education commissions also substantiated the policy of retaining English as a compulsory second language in the country. However, the over all ELT situation in India does not project a very satisfactory picture.
In many states, particularly in rural areas, perhaps the classrooms and the libraries are the only places where the language could possibly be learned. One may also take stock of other problems — differences in the socio-economic status of learners, their background urban and ruralpaucity of skilled teachers and the dearth of effective methodology of teaching and modernised teacher training programme that are responsible for the poor performance graph of English language teaching in India.
Side by side, one notices with surprise and pleasure as well, that there has been a virtual proliferation of English-medium schools all over the country in accordance with the Government policy because of, as S.
Meganathan has pointed out, English is now being taught from Grade 1 in many states and union territories and some states are now offering a choice of English medium sections.
From a realistic point of view, R. This phenomenon practically necessitates it for us to study and discover willy nilly, some cross-cultural usability issues between Hindi and English.
Information services like e-mail, news, market reports, Short Message Service SMSeducational applications and other reading materials are now made available by cellular phone service. Significantly, mobile phones that are sweeping the Indian market are now becoming bilingual in so far as they support various services simultaneously in English and Hindi.
Let us write you a custom essay sample on Shifting Paradigms: Time alone can mature certain things. You feel fifteen years is a long gap of time.English Language Teaching in India: The Shifting Paradigms by S.
P. Dhanavel, Professor, Department of English, Anna University, Chennai, is a collection of research papers, written over two decades. Its objective is to record the developments in ELT in India from a practicing teacher’s viewpoint.
teaching methods modeled by a constructivist teacher educator, (2) describe preservice teachers’ motivation in the course, and (3) describe preservice teachers’ cognitive engagement through self-reflection on classroom learning and real-world teaching experience.
In our paper, we describe teachers' personal strategies for shifting their cultural and pedagogic paradigms to deliver teaching that is aligned to the cultural frameworks of their learners. Shifting Paradigms: Methods, Techniques, of Teaching English Essay English in India Today: Re-situating the perspective from a Multilingual to a Bilingual context.
The role of English in India has been controversial right from the time of its introduction and several historical parameters testify to this fact. Demonstration teaching method is a useful method of teaching because it improves students' understanding and retention (McKee, Williamson, and Ruebush, ).
According to Al-Rawi, ), the demonstration is effective in teaching skills of using tools and laboratory experiment in science. Nov 24, · The teaching fraternity in many institutions is of the opinion that no system can replace the traditional teaching learning practices.
But, with the rapid adoption of technology by one and all, it could be assumed that new ways of teaching and learning could pave way for .