Flat Organizational Structure Bureaucratic organizational structures are "top-down" hierarchies, in which communication flows downward from the leader; in corporate structures, its leader is the CEO. He shares information and orders with other C-suite executives, such as the corporate Chief Operating Officer. From the C-suite, communication flows further downward in successive management levels, until it reaches the lowest levels of the hierarchy; often, these are the hourly workers that have limited opportunities to inform, criticize or feed information upward. Inthis organizational structure is broadly criticized.
Formal and Informal Organization: Features, Advantages and Disadvantages Article shared by: Read this article to learn about the features, advantages, disadvantages of formal and informal organization!
When the managers are carrying on organising process then as a result of organising process an organisational structure is created to achieve systematic working and efficient utilization of resources.
This type of structure is known as formal organisational structure. Formal organisational structure clearly spells out the job to be performed by each individual, the authority, responsibility assigned to every individual, the superior- subordinate relationship and the designation of every individual in the organisation.
This structure is created intentionally by the managers for achievement of organisational goal. Features of Formal organisation: Advantages of Formal Organisation: Formal organisation structure results in systematic and smooth functioning of an organisation.
Achievement of Organisational Objectives: Formal organisational structure is established to achieve organisational objectives.
No Overlapping of Work: In formal organisation structure work is systematically divided among various departments and employees. So there is no chance of duplication or overlapping of work.
Formal organisational structure results in coordinating the activities of various departments. Creation of Chain of Command: Formal organisational structure clearly defines superior subordinate relationship, i.
More Emphasis on Work: Formal organisational structure lays more emphasis on work than interpersonal relations.
Disadvantages of Formal Organisation: While following scalar chain and chain of command actions get delayed in formal structure. Ignores Social Needs of Employees: Formal organisational structure does not give importance to psychological and social need of employees which may lead to demotivation of employees.
Emphasis on Work Only: Formal organisational structure gives importance to work only; it ignores human relations, creativity, talents, etc. In the formal organisational structure individuals are assigned various job positions. While working at those job positions, the individuals interact with each other and develop some social and friendly groups in the organisation.
This network of social and friendly groups forms another structure in the organisation which is called informal organisational structure.
The informal organisational structure gets created automatically and the main purpose of such structure is getting psychological satisfaction. The existence of informal structure depends upon the formal structure because people working at different job positions interact with each other to form informal structure and the job positions are created in formal structure.
So, if there is no formal structure, there will be no job position, there will be no people working at job positions and there will be no informal structure. Features of informal organisation:The Organizational Structure Of The Secondary School.
Tyler, William. Educational Review, 25, 3, , Jun Article discusses organizational studies of schools and presents models effective for improved school structure. (RK) Descriptors: Administrative Policy, Bureaucracy. the organization, administration and effective functioning of areas which lie within the responsibilities of the Department of Primary Education.
These include inspection of private and public primary schools, exams, programme development, educational research etc. About 13 percent of schools in South Korea are private, most at the secondary school level. Private schools receive public funding.
In return, they do not charge school fees for compulsory education and cannot charge higher fees for upper secondary than those public schools charge.
Organisational Structure Of Secondary School. Anglian Driving School Introduction In this report I aim to produce a large organisation that will, if created, be successful within its market.
I shall search and provide relevant background research and empirical evidence to help create the organisation. The system of education in Uganda has a structure of 7 years of primary education, 6 years of secondary education (divided into 4 years of lower secondary and 2 years of upper secondary school), and 3 to 5 years of post-secondary education.
Organizational Structure The International School of Tianjin has always been characterized by its warm and caring family feeling and each member of our school shares in the responsibility of nurturing this environment to ensure that our school remains a friendly place where the needs of .