Hallucinations When to see a doctor See a doctor if you or a loved one has memory problems or other dementia symptoms.
Although dementia mainly affects older people, it is not a normal part of ageing. Worldwide, around 50 million people have dementia, and there are nearly 10 million new cases every year. Dementia is one of the major causes of disability and dependency among older people worldwide.
Dementia has a physical, psychological, social, and economical impact, not only on people with dementia, but also on their carers, families and society at large. Dementia is a syndrome — usually of a chronic or progressive nature — in which there is deterioration in cognitive function i.
It affects memory, thinking, orientation, comprehension, calculation, learning capacity, language, and judgement. Consciousness is not affected. The impairment in cognitive function is commonly accompanied, and occasionally preceded, by deterioration in emotional control, social behaviour, or motivation.
It is overwhelming not only for the people who have it, but also for their carers and families. There is often a lack of awareness and understanding of dementia, resulting in stigmatization and barriers to diagnosis and care. The impact of dementia on carers, family and societies can be physical, psychological, social and economic.
The signs and symptoms linked to dementia can be understood in three stages. Memory disturbances are serious and the physical signs and symptoms become more obvious.
Common forms of dementia There are many different forms of dementia. Other major forms include vascular dementia, dementia with Lewy bodies abnormal aggregates of protein that develop inside nerve cellsand a group of diseases that contribute to frontotemporal dementia degeneration of the frontal lobe of the brain.
The boundaries between different forms of dementia are indistinct and mixed forms often co-exist. Every year, there are nearly 10 million new cases. The estimated proportion of the general population aged 60 and over with dementia at a given time is between 5 to 8 per people.
The total number of people with dementia is projected to reach 82 million in and in Much of this increase is attributable to the rising numbers of people with dementia living in low- and middle-income countries.
Treatment and care There is no treatment currently available to cure dementia or to alter its progressive course. Numerous new treatments are being investigated in various stages of clinical trials.
However, much can be offered to support and improve the lives of people with dementia and their carers and families. The principal goals for dementia care are: Risk factors and prevention Although age is the strongest known risk factor for dementia, it is not an inevitable consequence of ageing.
Some research has shown a relationship between the development of cognitive impairment and life-style related risk factors that are shared with other noncommunicable diseases. These risk factors include physical inactivity, obesity, unhealthy diets, tobacco use and harmful use of alcohol, diabetes, and midlife hypertension.
Additional potentially modifiable risk factors include depression, low educational attainment, social isolation, and cognitive inactivity. Social and economic impacts Dementia has significant social and economic implications in terms of direct medical and social care costs, and the costs of informal care.
The total cost as a proportion of GDP varied from 0. Impact on families and carers Dementia is overwhelming for the families of affected people and for their carers. Physical, emotional and economic pressures can cause great stress to families and carers, and support is required from the health, social, financial and legal systems.
Human rights People with dementia are frequently denied the basic rights and freedoms available to others. In many countries, physical and chemical restraints are used extensively in care homes for older people and in acute-care settings, even when regulations are in place to uphold the rights of people to freedom and choice.
An appropriate and supportive legislative environment based on internationally-accepted human rights standards is required to ensure the highest quality of service provision to people with dementia and their carers. In Maythe World Health Assembly endorsed the Global action plan on the public health response to dementia The Plan provides a comprehensive blueprint for action — for policy-makers, international, regional and national partners, and WHO — in areas such as: An international surveillance platform, the Global Dementia Observatory, has been established for policy-makers and researchers to facilitate monitoring and sharing of information on dementia policies, service delivery, epidemiology and research.
WHO has developed iSupport, an e-health solution that provides information and skills training for carers of people living with dementia. The first study of the usability and effectiveness of iSupport is taking place in India.environmental Factors in the Development.
of Dementia. Focus on Alzheimer’s Disease and Cognitive Decline. the lobster is a symbol for long life and good fortune. of dementia, followed by vascular dementia, Lewy body dementia, and frontotemporal dementia.
3 (See chapter 5.). CJD causes a type of dementia that gets worse unusually fast. More common causes of dementia, such as Alzheimer's, dementia with Lewy bodies and frontotemporal dementia, typically progress more slowly.
Through a process scientists don't yet understand, misfolded prion protein destroys brain cells. Dementia and Alzheimer's: Differences & Impact on Aging it is a group of symptoms that are caused by other conditions. Dementia can be caused Dementia and Alzheimer's: Differences & Impact.
Nov 19, · Understanding Dementias, Including Alzheimer’s Disease Several factors determine the risk of developing dementia, including age and family history. Other factors affect the management of dementia by families, communities, and the health care system.
Dementia itself is not a disease, but describes a group of symptoms caused by a brain disorder. There are numerous causes of dementia, including Alzheimer's disease, Huntingdon's disease and stroke. Since personality changes are common, living with dementia .
The impact of dementia on carers, family and societies can be physical, psychological, social and economic. Signs and symptoms. Dementia affects each person in a different way, depending upon the impact of the disease and the person’s personality before becoming ill.
The signs and symptoms linked to dementia can be understood in three .