An introduction to the issue of depression a mental illness due to an imbalance of serotonin in the

March 23rd, at 8:

An introduction to the issue of depression a mental illness due to an imbalance of serotonin in the

This article has been cited by other articles in PMC. Depression is more typically thought of as strictly biochemical-based or emotionally-rooted. On the contrary, nutrition can play a key role in the onset as well as severity and duration of depression.

Many of the easily noticeable food patterns that precede depression are the same as those that occur during depression. These may include poor appetite, skipping meals, and a dominant desire for sweet foods. The most common mental disorders that are currently prevalent in numerous countries are depression, bipolar disorder, schizophrenia, and obsessive-compulsive disorder OCD.

An introduction to the issue of depression a mental illness due to an imbalance of serotonin in the

Such noncompliance is a common occurrence encountered by psychiatrists. An important point to remember here is that, such noncompliant patients who have mental disorders are at a higher risk for committing suicide or being institutionalized.

In some cases, chronic use or higher doses may lead to drug toxicity, which may become life threatening to the patient.

An introduction to the issue of depression a mental illness due to an imbalance of serotonin in the

Although further research needs to be carried out to determine the best recommended doses of most nutritional supplements in the cases of certain nutrients, psychiatrists can recommend doses of dietary supplements based on previous and current efficacious studies and then adjust the doses based on the results obtained by closely observing the changes in the patient.

They make poor food choices and selecting foods that might actually contribute to depression. Recent evidence suggests a link between low levels of serotonin and suicide. Depression is a disorder associated with major symptoms such as increased sadness and anxiety, loss of appetite, depressed mood, and a loss of interest in pleasurable activities.

If there is no timely therapeutic intervention, this disorder can lead to varied consequences. Hence, tryptophan can induce sleep and tranquility. This implies restoring serotonin levels lead to diminished depression precipitated by serotonin deficiencies. Methionine combines with adenosine triphosphate ATP to produce S-adenosylmethionine SAMwhich facilitates the production of neurotransmitters in the brain.

Researchers attribute the decline in the consumption of omega-3 fatty acids from fish and other sources in most populations to an increasing trend in the incidence of major depression.

Many of the proposed mechanisms of this conversion involve neurotransmitters. For instance, antidepressant effects may be due to bioconversion of EPA to leukotrienes, prostaglandins, and other chemicals required by the brain. Others hypothesize that both EPA and DHA influence neuronal signal transduction by activating peroxisomal proliferator-activated receptors PPARsinhibiting G-proteins and protein kinase C, in addition to calcium, sodium, and potassium ion channels.

Whichever may be the case, epidemiological data and clinical studies have clearly shown that omega-3 fatty acids can effectively treat depression. Nevertheless, doses of omega-3 higher than 3 g do not show better effects than placebos and may be contraindicative in cases, such as those taking anticlotting drugs.

Previous research has revealed the link between nutritional deficiencies and some mental disorders. The significance of various nutrients in mental health, with special relevance to depression has been discussed below. In higher organisms humanthey have been found to affect mood and behavior.

Eating a meal which is rich in carbohydrates triggers the release of insulin in the body. Insulin helps let blood sugar into cells where it can be used for energy and simultaneously it triggers the entry of tryptophan to brain. Tryptophan in the brain affects the neurotransmitters levels.

Consumption of diets low in carbohydrate tends to precipitate depression, since the production of brain chemicals serotonin and tryptophan that promote the feeling of well being, is triggered by carbohydrate rich foods.

It is suggested that low glycemic index GI foods such as some fruits and vegetables, whole grains, pasta, etc.

As many as 12 amino acids are manufactured in the body itself and remaining 8 essential amino acids have to be supplied through diet. A high quality protein diet contains all essential amino acids.

Foods rich in high quality protein include meats, milk and other dairy products, and eggs. Plant proteins such as beans, peas, and grains may be low in one or two essential amino acids. Protein intake and in turn the individual amino acids can affect the brain functioning and mental health.

Many of the neurotransmitters in the brain are made from amino acids. The neurotransmitter dopamine is made from the amino acid tyrosine and the neurotransmitter serotonin is made from the tryptophan.

The excessive buildup of amino acids may also lead to brain damage and mental retardation.Bipolar disorder is thought to be a neurobiological disorder in a specific part of the brain and is due to a malfunction of certain brain chemicals, including serotonin, dopamine and noradrenaline.

In an effort to determine what evidence the press uses to support their statements about the chemical imbalance theory of depression, we attempted to engage the media in a conversation to learn more about what lies behind statements such as: “Mental illnesses are simply chemical imbalances.” an underlying chemical imbalance as the cause.

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The experts at WebMD explain how chemical imbalances in the brain may lead to mental illness. The Mental Health Treatment Locator section of the Behavioral Health Treatment Services Locator lists facilities providing mental health services to persons with mental illness.

Find a facility in your state at C. Anxiety and depression are not caused by body chemicals: "Learn to recognize the symptoms of MENTAL ILLNESS. Schizophrenia, Manic Depression and Severe Depression are BRAIN DISEASES. PRISTIQ is thought to work by affecting the levels of two neurotransmitters believed to play a key role in depression, serotonin and norepinephrine.

Depression: Debunking the theory of 'chemical imbalance' : psychology