Bridge students also take three introductory courses as part of their program. Required Courses You will take all of the following courses whether you are in the Bridge or Standard Program. Psychodynamic Viewpoints This course covers psychodynamic theories of personality and social systems; application to analysis of interpersonal and helping relationships; personality development and dynamics; and psychopathology, assessment, and intervention in relation to individuals and organizations.
These communication skills, also known as counselling tools, can be very effective if a skilled counsellor knows how and when to apply them. McLeod explains apart from counselling techniques, to be effective a counsellor must use their own self-awareness of feelings and thoughts that arise in a session of which can be used to make an informed response.
In this essay I play the role of counsellor for a client who presents a problem at work allowing me to apply a number of these counselling tools to effectively help her gain awareness, clarify the problem, gain insight and consider future steps to resolve the issue. These skills were observed by me watching a video playback of the session.
I reflect on the usefulness and the ineffectiveness of skills used by me in this role play and recommend ways I could improve the application of these skills.
Her presenting problem is that she is having problems with a colleague at work. She explains other people in the company are also upset by this colleague, including managers, yet we discover there is little support from management to address the situation.
Pamela had already thought of things she might say to the colleague but not yet found the courage to action. Pamela comes across to me as an intelligent and friendly person who is a little shy and a bit reserved. We had engaged in a few practice sessions before this video so I was already aware of the problem that we had explored to some degree already.
My first reaction when Pamela began telling me her problem in this session was to wonder why she was going over this problem from the same perspective as we covered in a recent session.
Consequently, thinking about this took my focus away initially from An introduction to the analysis of counseling and psychotherapy she was saying and I missed some important information at the beginning. It took me a few minutes in addition to settle into the role and direct my focus.
As Pamela talked about what seemed to be a case of workplace bullying, I became aware of feeling quite protective of her and felt an urge to say or do something that would stop her taking a victim position. Situations like these I believe should be a management issue and I felt bothered when hearing managers were aware of the colleague upsetting people but did nothing.
Pamela explained how she likes to keep things peaceful and avoids conflicting situations, even though the situation with her colleague was becoming unbearable. I realised I had only a small amount of information to work with and many questions left unanswered such as her relationships with others in the company, what her history was at the company and more about her life in general.
This awareness made it difficult for me to know what approach would best help her so I decided to help her explore her experiencing of the clarified problem and help her find a future solution. As I watched the video I had some thoughts and feelings emerge.
First of frustration when I hear how badly she wants to change her situation and how managers leave a situation unaddressed when it is their responsibility to ensure issues such as bullying are dealt with. At the same time I realise I am hearing only one side of the story from Pamela. Another feeling that came up for me each time I watched this was of boredom and distraction.
I started to look for other things to focus on. I noticed some of the audience in the background also looked and appeared distracted at times. In the video I notice I sometimes struggle to keep interested as the session progresses and we go around in circles with the same problem. Another way to explain what attending is that it allows the client to continue talking with minimal interruption Armstrong, Non-verbal encouragers I used were; I looked interested by leaning forward, I made constant eye contact and kept my vocal tone and distance moderate.
These small effects I observed to encourage Pamela to continue talking and let her know I was interested. Similarly Egan describes an effective guideline for turning into clients called SOLER which is important in the beginning of any counselling session.
My understanding is that someone can reject or use this word if it fits with them. Pamela appeared to consider these words to describe her experience and continued exploring the issue.
Listening Listening is an active process which involves being both physically and psychologically present McLeod,as with Egan who directs a counsellor to listen not just to verbal experiences and words but to their feelings and non verbal messages.
An example I used with listening to non-verbal messages was when Pamela laughed a few times when talking about the behaviour of the colleague which was a tense laugh and clearly not funny. It might have been effective if I confronted her with this behaviour and helped her explore why such as describe what I observed and ask for clarification.
Throughout the counselling I was listening actively for meaning as well as her words and non-verbal messages, with the exception of the beginning of the session when my 1 mind wandered with other thoughts and I was not fully present.
McLeod explains presence requires an entire focus on the person and what they are saying.
Further, Egan suggests empathy needs to be used throughout all stages of counselling. I could tell Pamela had deeper feelings of frustration that lay beneath her calm exterior and voice.
She accepted my reflection and this frustration seemed to become a part of the story we explored. There was however, another underlying feeling I was only vaguely aware of at the time which was a feeling of fear beneath the anger. I might have explored this with Pamela if I had been more aware of it at the time by sharing my intuitive sense and what I was experiencing.
This also assists with the counsellor gaining accuracy in understanding.The text gives a basic overview of the main psychological approaches, followed by in-depth discussion and analysis of the the major aspects of counselling and psychotherapy; including professional practice, research, legal and ethical considerations.
Sample Test Bank for The World of the Counselor An Introduction to the Counseling Profession 4th Edition by Neukrug Table of Contents 1. Sample Test Bank for Theories of Psychotherapy & Counseling Concepts and Cases 5th Edition by Sharf Table of Contents 1. Introduction.
2. Psychoanalysis. 3.
Jungian Analysis and Therapy. 4.
Adlerian. Theories and Strategies in Counseling and Psychotherapy emphasizes core theories and current trends in the world of counseling and psychotherapy. This is a text that operates in real time. It puts the student directly into psychotherapy as it is being practiced today through the latest theoretical.
Introduction to Pastoral Counseling Write a critical analysis of what you did well, what you think you accomplished in the session, and what you would do differently for the next session. • Pastoral Counseling, Christian Counseling, Biblical Counseling • Psychotherapy theory and pastoral counseling.
"Counseling and Psychotherapy is a monumental achievement that only Siang-Yang Tan could pull off. It offers a rare blend of comprehensive psychological research, fair and balanced critique of the classic models of psychotherapy, sound biblical perspective, and practical application.
This fourth edition of Introduction to Psychotherapy builds on the Practice in London and at the Institute of Group Analysis in London. Jonathan Pedder was Consultant Psychotherapist at the psychotherapy to medical students and newcomers to psychiatry.