Ancient Greece[ edit ] In Ancient Greeceseveral philosophers and historians analyzed and described elements we now recognize as classical republicanism. Traditionally, the Greek concept of " politeia " was rendered into Latin as res publica. Consequently, political theory until relatively recently often used republic in the general sense of "regime".
The American economy is not managed in any real sense: It is, by and large, a free-market system operating within a complex global marketplace. And to the extent a president can shape the economy, the effects of his decisions will often become apparent only after he leaves office.
For good or ill, competing candidates and parties have no choice but to try to convince voters that their approach to economic management is far superior to the approach of the opposing party. On this score, it is clear from both the and elections that the Republican Party has much work to do to repair its image.
This is the kind of traumatic national event that inevitably has lasting political effects. Americans overwhelmingly assign the political blame for the recession and its aftermath to former president George W. Bush and, with some help from the Democratic Party and the media, to "Republican economic policies.
It is not hard to imagine a Democratic presidential nominee in or staking his candidacy in large part on the proposition that "my opponent wants to turn back the clock to the policies of George W. Bush — policies that crippled our economy. It was certainly effective in To be sure, there were several reasons why Republican candidates An essay on economics of republicans poorly last year: The campaign of former governor Mitt Romney was unusually passive about promoting a positive agenda in the summer months leading up to the election.
The Obama team ran a relentlessly negative campaign that defined Romney during those same months in ways that could not be undone later. And the Democratic turnout effort was remarkable. But in the battle of messages and themes, Democrats gained an enormous advantage by blaming the financial collapse of five years earlier on Republicans.
It is not a stretch to say that President Obama owes the success of both of his presidential campaigns to the national economic trauma that began just as he launched the first. It did not have to be this way, especially in Normally, political candidates and parties are far better off looking forward, not backward.
But the two cannot really be separated, and Republicans need to improve their economic message by looking forward and backward at once.
The prevailing understanding of what caused the economic collapse of — and of how best to respond to such events — is so distorted and so damaging to the advancement of conservative economic principles that it can no longer be ignored.
It has not only saddled Republicans with the blame for a terrible economic crisis, but has also made it difficult for them to explain the elements of their economic agenda in the aftermath of the crisis. Before they can regain their footing in presidential politics, therefore, Republicans will need to recast and revitalize their basic economic message — helping voters see what conservative economics has and has not involved in the past, and what it can offer them in the future.
Polls taken near the end of the summer and right after the national party conventions showed the race to be a dead heat. Then, in mid-September, Lehman Brothers declared bankruptcy, and the American economy — which had been slowing for the better part of a year — went into a tailspin.
The public and the leaders of both political parties suddenly understood that this was no ordinary economic downturn.
It was a financial collapse of a kind not seen in many years, with the potential to cause significant damage throughout the economy. In the midst of the turmoil of latethere was neither the time nor the needed perspective to fully understand what was taking place and why.
The Obama-Biden campaign pounced on the daily barrage of bad economic news and used it as the basis for a broad indictment of the economic policies of the incumbent Bush administration.
In particular, the Democratic ticket suggested repeatedly that the financial-sector crash was the direct result of a too-cozy relationship between greedy Wall Street bankers and a Republican administration all too willing to cater to the demands of its fat-cat supporters.
The public, scared and confused, readily accepted this argument, especially given the weakness of the alternative explanation offered by the McCain-Palin campaign. Indeed, under those circumstances, it would be hard to imagine any Republican candidate winning the election.
Obama defeated McCain handily, By the time of the campaign, the political circumstances should have been quite different. The recession caused by the financial crisis had ended three years earlier, in mid, but its effects still lingered.
The rate would have been higher still had not millions of discouraged Americans stopped looking for work. The anemic recovery ensured that, inthe health of the national economy was again the number-one issue in the presidential race.
And, unlike John McCain, former Massachusetts governor Mitt Romney seemed poised to prosecute the economic case against Obama effectively, drawing on his own successful business career turning around failing enterprises and on his impressive economic record in Massachusetts.
But the campaign did not turn out that way.Adam Paul Levine holds a BA in painting from Pomona College and a masters in economics from the London School of Economics.
He is founder and CEO of . This article is part of a series on: Conservatism in the United States. Republicans believe in a social philosophy, which reflects American Conservatism in the U.S. Political Spectrum. Republicans support a pro-business platform, with the “further foundations in economic libertarianism and a brand of social conservatism increasingly based on the viewpoints of the Religious Right”.
Coined in a science-fiction novel in , the Anglosphere has become Australia's cultural (and political) obsession. That leaves us blind to other perspectives. 1 judy a noak September 15, I am ashamed to be an American, knowing all other countries hold Donald Trump as an example of how all Americans feel.
They should know how many of us loathe him and all he stands for. If he were my next door neighbor I would move away, he is so repugnant. 2 How the White Nationalists Are Taking Over the GOP - Lawyers, Guns & Money August 11, [ ].
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