An analysis of the german political theorist robert michels on the idea of an iron law of oligarchy

References and Further Reading 1.

An analysis of the german political theorist robert michels on the idea of an iron law of oligarchy

The term "Nazi" was in use before the rise of the NSDAP as a colloquial and derogatory word for a backwards farmer or peasantcharacterizing an awkward and clumsy person. In this sense, the word Nazi was a hypocorism of the German male name Ignatz itself a variation of the name Ignatius — Ignatz being a common name at the time in Bavariathe area from which the NSDAP emerged.

Socialist as an example [8] — shortened the first part of the NSDAP's name, [Na]tionalso[zi]alistische, to the dismissive "Nazi", in order to associate them with the derogatory use of the term mentioned above. From them, the term spread into other languages and it was eventually brought back into Germany after World War II.

Today our left-wing politicians in particular are constantly insisting that their craven-hearted and obsequious foreign policy necessarily results from the disarmament of Germany, whereas the truth is that this is the policy of traitors But the politicians of the Right deserve exactly the same reproach.

It was through their miserable cowardice that those ruffians of Jews who came into power in were able to rob the nation of its arms. There are only two possibilities in Germany; do not imagine that the people will forever go with the middle party, the party of compromises; one day it will turn to those who have most consistently foretold the coming ruin and have sought to dissociate themselves from it.

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And that party is either the Left: The Nazis described the DNVP as a bourgeois party and they called themselves an anti-bourgeois party. The Nazis denounced them as "an insignificant heap of reactionaries".

His four sons, including Prince Eitel Friedrich and Prince Oskarbecame members of the Nazi Party in hopes that in exchange for their support, the Nazis would permit the restoration of the monarchy.

Those views were shared by Otto Strasserwho later left the Nazi Party in the belief that Hitler had allegedly betrayed the party's socialist goals by endorsing capitalism. According to historian Thomas Weber, Hitler attended the funeral of communist Kurt Eisner a German Jewwearing a black mourning armband on one arm and a red communist armband on the other, [42] which he took as evidence that Hitler's political beliefs had not yet solidified.

Origins of the discipline

This statement has been disputed by the contention that he was not an antisemite at that time, [43] even though it is well established that he read many antisemitic tracts and journals during time and admired Karl Luegerthe antisemitic mayor of Vienna.These words, first published in , sum up Michels' famous "iron law of oligarchy." In Political Parties, Robert Michels, then a young German sociologist, laid down what has come to be the major political argument against Rousseau's concept of direct popular democracy which underlay much of the traditional democratic and socialist theory.

Related to Mosca's theory of domination of society by an organized minority over a disorganized majority was Robert Michels' theory of the iron law of oligarchy that has become a mainstream political theory.

An analysis of the german political theorist robert michels on the idea of an iron law of oligarchy

The iron law of oligarchy refers to a provocative and very influential theory posited by German social theorist, Robert Michels. Laboratories of Oligarchy?

An analysis of the german political theorist robert michels on the idea of an iron law of oligarchy

How The Iron Law Extends to Peer Production Aaron Shaw Instead, peer production projects may conform to Robert Michels’ “iron law of oligarchy”, which proposes that democratic membership organizations oped by the German sociologist and political theorist Robert Michels (), encapsulates.

Political science: Political science, the systematic study of governance by the application of empirical and generally scientific methods of analysis. As traditionally defined and studied, political science examines the state and its organs and institutions.

The contemporary discipline, however, is considerably. The German sociologist Robert Michels () wrote on the political behavior of intellectual elites and on the problem of power and its abuse.

Robert Michels was born on Jan. 9, , in Cologne.

Gaetano Mosca | Italian jurist and philosopher | leslutinsduphoenix.com The Fascists came to associate the term with the ancient Roman fasces or fascio littorio [23] —a bundle of rods tied around an axe, [24] an ancient Roman symbol of the authority of the civic magistrate [25] carried by his lictorswhich could be used for corporal and capital punishment at his command. Definitions of fascism Historians, political scientists and other scholars have long debated the exact nature of fascism.
Fascism and ideology - Wikipedia Like Schumpeter, Geiger, Mannheim, Lukacs, de Man, and Ortega, he grappled with the problems of democracy, socialism, revolution, class conflict, trade unionism, mass society, nationalism, and imperialism, and with the role of intellectuals and of elites. He dealt more extensively than did these contemporaries of his with the politics of the working class, and he studied some topics that interested them little, such as eugenics, feminism, sex, and morality.
An analysis of the german political theorist robert michels on the idea of an iron law of oligarchy Rivalling economics as a discipline during the century was political science. Domestic politics is generally the most common field of study; its subfields include public opinionelectionsnational governmentand state, local, or regional government.
THE LAW AND POLITICS History[ edit ] Italian school of elitism[ edit ] Vilfredo Pareto —Gaetano Mosca —and Robert Michels —were cofounders of the Italian school of elitism, which influenced subsequent elite theory in the Western tradition. Power lies in position of authority in key economic and political institutions.
Robert Michels - Wikipedia