I worry that this poses some existential threat to Western civilization. Yet the most likely result is that America and Europe linger around a few hundred more years as also-rans on the world-historical stage, nursing our anti-hereditarian political correctness to the bitter end.
This is evident by the early colonial documents such as the Fundamental Orders of Connecticut and the Massachusetts Body of Liberties Two native-born Americans, Samuel Johnson and Jonathan Edwardswere first influenced by these philosophers; they then adapted and extended their Enlightenment ideas to develop their own American theology and philosophy.
Both were originally ordained Puritan Congregationalist ministers who embraced much of the new learning of the Enlightenment. Both were Yale educated and Berkeley influenced idealists who became influential college presidents.
Both were influential in the development of American political philosophy and the works of the Founding Fathers. Late in the century, Scottish Innate or Common Sense Realism replaced the native schools of these two rivals in the college philosophy curricula of American colleges; it would remain the dominant philosophy in American academia up to the Civil War.
Johnson wrote in his Autobiography, "All this was like a flood of day to his low state of mind" and that "he found himself like one at once emerging out of the glimmer of twilight into the full sunshine of open day.
He began to teach the Enlightenment curriculum there, and thus began the American Enlightenment. One of his students for a brief time was a fifteen-year-old Jonathan Edwards. Whatever features an object may have, it has these properties because the object resists.
Though Edwards reformed Puritan theology using Enlightenment ideas from natural philosophy, and Locke, Newton, and Berkeley, he remained a Calvinist and hard determinist.
Jonathan Edwards also rejected the freedom of the willsaying that "we can do as we please, but we cannot please as we please. Enlightenment[ edit ] While the 17th- and early 18th-century American philosophical tradition was decidedly marked by religious themes and the Reformation reason of Ramus, the 18th century saw more reliance on science and the new learning of the Age of Enlightenmentalong with an idealist belief in the perfectibility of human beings through teaching ethics and moral philosophylaissez-faire economicsand a new focus on political matters.
So he crafted one. His fusion philosophy of Natural Religion and Idealism, which has been called "American Practical Idealism",  was developed as a series of college textbooks in seven editions between and These works, and his dialogue Raphael, or The Genius of the English America, written at the time of the Stamp Act crisisgo beyond his Wollaston and Berkeley influences;  Raphael includes sections on economicspsychologythe teaching of children, and political philosophy.
His moral philosophy is defined in his college textbook Elementa Philosophica as "the Art of pursuing our highest Happiness by the practice of virtue". It was influential in its day: Three members of the Committee of Five who edited the Declaration of Independence were closely connected to Johnson: In continuing with the chief concerns of the Puritans in the 17th century, the Founding Fathers debated the interrelationship between God, the state, and the individual.
Resulting from this were the United States Declaration of Independencepassed inand the United States Constitutionratified in The Constitution sets forth a federated republican form of government that is marked by a balance of powers accompanied by a checks and balances system between the three branches of government: Even Franklin professed the need for a "public religion"  and would attend various churches from time to time.
Jefferson was vestryman at the evangelical Calvinistical Reformed Church of Charlottesville, Virginiaa church he himself founded and named in suggesting that at this time of life he was rather strongly affiliated with a denomination and that the influence of Whitefield and Edwards reached even into Virginia.
He was a Presbyterian minister and a delegate who joined the Continental Congress just days before the Declaration was debated.
His moral philosophy was based on the work of the Scottish philosopher Francis Hutchesonwho also influenced John Adams. Common Sense, which has been described as "the most incendiary and popular pamphlet of the entire revolutionary era",  provides justification for the American revolution and independence from the British Crown.
|At age 17, Franklin left Boston because||Materialism And Happiness In America: The acquisition of material has been equated with happiness in this country.|
|Jk Rowling Essays: Examples, Topics, Titles, & Outlines||But it can be done!|
|Benjamin Franklin||First we explore the relationship between materialism and life satisfaction. Findings from previous research are reviewed and replicated, showing that materialism is negatively associated with life satisfaction.|
The American incarnation of Romanticism was transcendentalism and it stands as a major American innovation. The 19th century also saw the rise of the school of pragmatism, along with a smaller, Hegelian philosophical movement led by George Holmes Howison that was focused in St.
Louisthough the influence of American pragmatism far outstripped that of the small Hegelian movement.To illustrate this Merton argues that the dominant cultural goal in the U.S is the acquisition of wealth, as a message was depicted that happiness often equated with material .
The American dream and literature: how the about wealth or material things, but rather a quest for personal fulfillment and a vision for self- From the very beginning the national literature of America has been preoccupied with questions of the self and identity.
Even before the Founding, Americans conventionally have.
[This text has been suppressed due to author restrictions] Poem Summary Lines further underscores the idea of material acquisition.
The first stanza of the poem exaggerates the commodification of all things in America. In the following essay, Semansky characterizes “A Supermarket in California” as a lament about the. To illustrate this Merton argues that the dominant cultural goal in the U.S is the acquisition of wealth, as a message was depicted that happiness often equated with material .
Chapter 8 - Increasing Happiness by Well-Being Therapy. Author links open overlay panel Chiara Ruini Giovanni A. Fava. Show more. WBT has been tested in a number of randomized controlled trials. Thus, the concept of well-being is equated with the experience of positive emotions versus negative emotions and with satisfaction in .
Unfortunately, the acquisition of material has been tied together with happiness in America. Although "The American Dream" can be thought of as a positive motivation, it often causes people to strive for material perfection, rather than a spiritual one.